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 Dailies of the 323rd Squadron

1945

Transcribed by Nancy Perri

1 Jan. 1945:    Kassel . Germany was our Target for the first day of January, 1945.

Bombing was made on the marshalling yards visually with very good results. Our squadron sent 12 ships and crews, all of which returned safely, and there were no aborts. Those participating in the mission were as follows: Group lead, Capt. Reid and Capt. Maxwell with the "A" crew; Lt. Kirkham and crew; Lt. Sweet and crew; Lt. McConnell and crew; Lt. Yavis and crew; Lt. Flynn and crew; Lt. Donohue and crew; Lt. Adams and crew; Lt. McKnight and crew; Lt. Partridge and crew; Lt. Williams and crew; Lt. Hoffman and crew. Ship numbers for these crews are consecutive as follows; #630, #618, #083, #379; #806, #276, #911, #540, #490, #939, #636 and #116. Crews not flying were attending ground school and training activities.

2 Jan. 1945:   Prum Germany Railway Center was the target for our group on the 2nd.  GH Bombing was the technique used for this particular bombing run. Bombs for the low and lead squadron fell short of the target while the high squadron had excellent results. This squadron sent 12 ships but two aborted. Lt. Partridge in #841, and It. McKnight in #144 (401st). #144 was due to and credited as an engineering abortive. #841 was due to the tail gunner becoming sick with bad pains in his chest. Crews completing the mission were: Capt. Boggs and crew; leading the squadron; Lt. Yavis and crew; Lt. Flynn and crew; Lt. Bull and crew; Lt. Kirkham and crew; Lt. Sweet and crew; Lt. Scofield and crew; Lt. Williams and crew; Lt. Hoffman and crew; Lt. Adams and crew; in ships: #632 (324th), #806, #959 (324th) #431, #379, #083, #909, #636, #116, #540.

3 Jan. 1945: Cologne Germany was bombed with unobserved results on the marshalling yards. 12 ships of this squadron participated on the mission with one abortive, It. Adams, in Ship #540, due to a gas leak at the butt of the right wing. Crews completing and returning safely were: #478, Squadron lead, Capt. Dietrich and the "A" crew; #618, Lt. Kirkham and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #431, Lt. Bull and crew; #540, FIO Adams and crew; #083, Lt. Sweet and crew; #939, Lt. Partridge and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #379, Lt. Flynn and crew; #841, Lt. Whitten and crew #836, Lt. Brown and crew.

4 Jan. 1945: There was no mission on the 4th, but ground school and training activities were carried out with fair success. Two crews were allowed passes.

5 Jan. 1945: Koblenz was the target for the group; however, this squadron did not participate as we took our regular "stand down". However, classes were well attended for the day and the squadron had a critique to study better methods for the combat personnel

6 Jan. 1945: The 6th was another day the Marshalling yards at Cologne . Germany felt our bombing, even though done by PFF methods, Mickey Operators report excellent runs. Twelve ships of this organization took part with one abort, Lt. Flynn and crew in Ship #276, due to a fire in the upper turret and one ship lost; Lt. McConnell and crew #276 (Jeanie).

The remaining crews completed the mission as follows: #104 (324th) Capt. Reid and the "A" crew, flying group lead; #083, Lt. Sweet and crew; #806, FIO Adams and crew; #501, Lt. McConnell and crew; #276, Lt. Flynn and crew; #490, Lt. Brown and crew; #911, Lt. Shambaugh and crew.

7 - 9 Jan. 1945: Ground School and training activities were carried out to a fair degree of success in spite of the cold weather, which also made it very difficult on ground crews trying to keep the ships in shape for missions.

10 Jan. 1945: An Airfield at Ostheim. Germany was bombed visually with excellent results, which sounds good after so many missions where the targets have been clouded over and impossible to see with any accuracy whatsoever. Of thirteen ships, this squadron had scheduled for the mission, only 11 completed the entire route and returned safely. Two crews, Lt. Sweet in Ship #116 and Lt. Brown and crew in #379 had engineering troubles and had to return to base. Crews completing the missions were: #632 (324th) Lt. Donohue and crew. #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #939, Lt. Partridge and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #276, Lt. Flynn and crew #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #431, Lt. Williams and crew; #911, Lt. Meyer and crew; #772, Lt. Lawson and crew.

11-13 Jan. 1945: There were no missions scheduled and so classes were well attended for these three days. Several crews took the opportunity to take passes during this time. Weather conditions prevented much practice flying during this time.

14 Jan. 1945:   Again Koln, Cologne German's Marshalling Yards felt our bombing.

Assessment for this group was impossible because of smoke and debris from the excellent bombing of groups ahead of us. This was also a visual bomb run. Crews taking part in this mission was as follows: #471, Squadron lead, Lt. Dietrich and crew; #806, Lt. Williams and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #939, Lt. Partridge and crew; #379, Lt. Adams and crew; #909, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #276, Lt. Flynn and crew; #911, Lt. Meyer and crew; #636, Lt. Lawson and crew. There were no abortives and all returned safely. (Reference to the book "The Ragged Irregulars of Bassingbourn" aircraft #43-38911, "Bull Session" Lt. Meyer's crew was lost).

15-16 Jan. 1945: The railway works and workshops at Ingolstadt . Germany was the main feature for the day for this group. Our squadron had a "Stand Down" but sent one ship and crew, #379, Lt. Shambaugh and crew. Three 323rd men flew on crews in the 401st squadron. Bombing was done by PFF methods with good results.  On the 16th, training activities were carried out with good attendance.

17 Jan. 1945: The Railway workshops at Paderborn . Germany was the subject for our target on the 17th. Bombing was done by PFF methods and all three squadrons lead ships had good runs. But bombing was unobserved. 12 ships of this squadron participated. Major Taylor led the group (commanding officer of 323rd Squadron), in Ship #630, and the "A" crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #618 (Dep. Group Lead), Lt. Bull and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #806, Lt. Williams and crew; #083, Lt. Sweet and crew; #841, F/O Adams and crew; #636, Lt. Lawson and crew; #755 (322nd), Lt. Flynn and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew. All returned safely and there were no abortives.

18-19 Jan. 1945: Weather evidently was adverse as we were not scheduled for flying and there were no ships flying practice missions. Ground school and training activities were carried out with great success.

20 Jan. 1945: Our target for the 20th was the marshalling yards at Ludwigshaven , Germany . Bombing was done by PFF methods with unobserved results. Strike photos plotted bombs to fall in the city. Thirteen ships of this squadron participated in the mission. However, two aborted due to engineering difficulties. Ships and crews aborting were Lt. Lawson and crew in ship #144 (401st) and ship #552, Lt. Whitten and crew. The remaining crews to finish and complete the route were: #478, squadron lead, Lt. Donohue and crew; #083, Lt. Sweet and crew; #939, FIO Adams and crew; #841, Lt. Bull and crew; #431, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #836, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #806, Lt. Williams and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew. All returned safely.

21 Jan. 1945: The A.F.V. works at Aschaffenburg , Germany was bombed by FFF methods on this date. The results were unobserved. Twelve ships and crews scheduled for this mission were as follows: Squadron Lead, #471, Capt. Basnight and crew; #205 (324), Lt. McKnight and crew; #083, Lt. Scofield and crew; #841, Lt. Bull and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #889 (324th), FIO Adams and crew; #276, Lt. Flynn and crew; #431, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #636, Lt. Williams and crew; #379, Lt. Lawson and crew; #772 (324th), Lt. Whitten and crew. All returned safely but there were two abortives, which were: #379, Lt. Lawson and crew and #772 (324th) ship, Lt. Whitten and crew. This was due and credited as an engineering abortives.

22 Jan. 1945: This group participated in a raid to Sterkrade. Germany , bombing the synthetic oil plant there visually with excellent results. Our squadron was on its regular "stand down" so did not send any crews. Ground school and training activities were carried out with good attendance.

23-27 Jan. 1945: Due to adverse weather conditions, this group did not participate in any missions. During this time, several crews took passes, while combat members remaining on the field continued ground school and training activities with occasional flying on practice missions as weather permitted. On the 2nd, our squadron had a formation for all personnel, for the purpose of having a "sex morality lecture",

Awards were given out by Major Butler to a number of men in appreciation for their work in the squadron.

28 Jan. 1945: The goods yard and station area at Kiln ( Cologne ), Germany was bombed by GH methods on this date. Some of the hits were seen on the bridge (our MPI). Twelve ships of this squadron took part in the mission and we had no abortives. The ships and crews taking part were as follows: Group lead squadron commanding officer, Major Taylor and the "A" crew in ship #478 (401st), also Dep. Group Lead, Lt. Bull and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #939, Lt. Partridge and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #276, Lt. Williams and crew, #536, Lt. Lawson and crew; #540, Lt. Whitten and crew. All returned safely.

29 Jan. 1945: The Railway center at Niederlahnstein. Germany was bombed by "GH" methods, but bombing was unobserved. Twelve ships of this squadron participated with no abortives. They were: Squadron Lead, #630, Lt. Donohue and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #540, FIO Adams and crew; #939, Lt. Bull and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #843 (401st), Lt. Brown and crew; #636, Lt. Williams and crew; #909, Lt. Lawson and crew; #276, Lt. Whitten and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew. All returned safely.

30-31 Jan. 1945: There were no missions due to inclement weather. Classes and training continued with good attendance.

Summary:  During the month our squadron had two losses -  on the 6th, Lt. McConnell and crew, and the 14th, Lt. Meyer and crew. These men were all qualified crewmembers of good standing. The mission of the 29th adds up to 287 missions for the group, since we have been in the ETO. The 323rd squadron flew 135 sorties with 10 abortives to take-off of this figure. The abortives could be considered as partly ill luck due to our good record the past several months in this respect. Although a large percentage of this is laid to new crews; and so ends our 29th month in the ETO.

FEBRUARY 1945:

1 Feb. 1945: The first day of February saw the initial spark that mounted to a terrifically glowing offensive thrust deep into industrial Nazi land. Beginning, our heavies attacked Manheim's important marshalling yard with unobserved results by using PFF. Cooperatively, the 323rd squadron put thirteen AlC into the air on this mission. Following are the thirteen AlC: #471, was lead ship flown by Lt. Partridge and the "A" crew; #909, Lt. Flynn and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #939, Lt. Bull and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #636, Lt. Williams and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #772 (324th), Lt. McKnight and crew; #027 (322nd), Lt. Lawson and crew; #540, F/O Adams and crew; #754 (401st), Lt. Gregg and crew. Due to mechanical failure Lt. Brown and F/O Adams aborted. Flak was reportedly meager and accurate. All our ships returned safely.

2 Feb. 1945: A communication's center in the city of Berlin was our target on the second. The target was attacked visually with very good results. However, pin-pointing from strike photographs was made impossible because of heavy smoke in target area. Flak was reported moderate and accurate at 24 to 25,000 feet. On this day, our squadron "stood down". Training activities were attended with fair attendance.

3-5 Feb. 1945:   Inclement weather made it impossible for this group to operate in the air, so our crews took this advantage for more ground training and passes that were overdue to former activities.

6 Feb. 1945:    Gotha . Germany received the full impact of our next haymakers visually as a target of opportunity, due to 10/10ths clouds over our assigned target. Strike showed fair results. Again, thirteen ships of our squadron participated. Our dynamic Squadron Commander led the group in A/C #471, assisted by the "A" crew; #379, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #540, F/O Adams and crew; #630, Deputy Group Lead, Lt. Bull and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #909, Lt. Whitten and crew; #636, Lt. Williams and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #276, Lt. Lawson and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #095, Lt. Cochran and crew; #841, Lt. Scofield and crew. Due to mechanical failure, Lt. Lawson and crew aborted. All ships returned safely.

7-8 Feb. 1945: No operation missions were flown. Advantage was taken, of ground and air training activities, with good attendance.

9 Feb. 1945:   By "GH" methods, a railway viaduct at Altenbecken. Germany was attacked. Our operators reported good runs. Our thirteen ships that participated were: #478, Squadron Lead, Capt. Donohue and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #379, Lt. Theis and crew; #841, Lt. Williams and crew; #061 (401st), Lt. Holliday and crew; #276; Lt. Lawson and crew; #490, Lt. McKnight and crew; #540, F/O Adams and crew; #636; Lt. Thompson and crew; #806, Lt. Yavis and crew; #144 (401st), Lt. Hoffman and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #027, (322nd) Lt. Whitten and crew.

10-13 Feb. 1945:  Although our crews were raring at the bit and terribly anxious to get cracking; flying was not permitted operationally on these days.  Our mortal enemy was granted a few days of respite.  Our flyers were finally forced to be content with ground training which was carried out reluctantly with good results.

14 Feb. 1945:  On this day, Dresden , Germany was bombed to disappointment because the rain they expected us to give them never came thru.  Instead, Prague , Czechoslovakia looked more promising for some reason or other, and so they caught hell instead visually.  This was carried out be our high and low squadrons.  Results were good.  Some other target looked better to our lead squadron so they hurried off an bombed it as a target of opportunity by “PFF” with results unknown.  Eight crews landed on the continent.   Our crews participating were #806, Lt. Theis and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #431, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #490, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #540, F/O Adams and crew; #860, Lt. Lawson and crew; #276, Lt. Flynn and crew; squadron lead, Lt. Partridge, in ship #630.  Lt. Harvey and crew aborted due to mechanical failure.  All crews returned safely.

15 Feb. 1945:  Our squadron took their turn at stand down on this date, although the group attacked Dresden , Germany by “PFF”.

16 Feb. 1945:  A Benzol plant, 6 miles NNE of center of Essen , located in Gelsenkirchen , Germany , was bombed visually.   The strike photos show excellent results.  All our crews returned safely and there were no aborts.  Crews taking part in this mission were:  Major Taylor and the “A” crew in ship #478 leading the group; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #630 (Dep. GP. Lead), Lt. Yavis and crew; #088 (322nd), Lt. Whitten and crew; #806, Lt. Holliday and crew, #431, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #755 (322nd), Lt. Harvey and crew, #841, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #061 (401st), Lt. McKnight and crew; #901 (322nd), Lt. Dickson and crew; #707 (322nd), Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #909,  Lt. Scofield and crew.  This was considered a very successful mission.

17-18 Feb. 1945:  There was no flying as far as operational  describable ground training activities took the attention of our crews on these days. Missions were concerned on these two days.  However, the same

19 Feb. 1945:    The Benzin Plant at Dortmund , Germany was attacked by this group by “GH”.  Results were unobserved.  Crews taking part in this mission were:  Squadron lead #145 (324th) Capt. Donohue and crew; #035, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #636, Lt. Holliday and crew; #843, Lt. Yavis and crew; #379, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #540, Lt. Adams and crew; #429 (401st), Lt. McKnight and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #909, Lt. Cochran and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #678 (401st), Lt. Dickson and crew.  There were no abortives and all returned safely to base.

20 Feb. 1945:  Nienburg , Germany was the target, hitting the railway workshops by “GH”, The bombing was unobserved.  Twelve ships of our squadron participated in this mission.  Ship #471, leading the squadron, Lt. Partridge and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #568 (324th), Lt. Skawienski and crew; #618, Lt. Yavis and  crew; #379, Lt. Holliday and crew; #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew.  Lt. McKnight and crew failed to return due to a direct flak burst, several chutes were seen.  There were no abortives.

21 Feb. 1945:  Again, Nienburg , Germany was our target.  The Railway Station and goods yard was bombed on “PFF” but no results were seen.  Our squadron took their turn at “stand down” so were not participating in this mission.  Grounds school and training activities were carried out with fair attendance.

22 Feb. 1945:  The railroad traffic center at Stendal , Germany , was attacked on this date by our group.  Bombing was done visually with good results at 12,000 feet.  Our Squadron Commander, Major Taylor, led the group in ship #651 (324th); #909, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #806, Lt. Thompson and crew; #000 (322nd), Deputy Group Lead, Lt. Yavis and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #578 (322nd) Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #640, Lt. Adams and crew; #636, Lt. Lawson and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #707 (322nd), Lt. Holliday and crew; #841, Lt. Harvey and crew.  All returned safely and there were no abortives.

23 Feb. 1945:  Meiningen and  Hildburghausen , Germany was bombed by this group  on the 23rd.  The primary target had 10/10ths clouds cover.  The high squadron thus bombed Hildburghausen.  Thirteen ships of our squadron took part in this mission.  Squadron lead was Lt. Partridge in ship #754 (401st), #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #333 (322nd), Lt. Lawson and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #896, Lt. Holliday and crew; #552 (401st), Lt. Thompson and crew; #841, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #540, Lt. Adams and crew; #636, Lt. Whitten and crew; #116, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #887 (401st), Lt. Dickson and crew; #014 (401st), Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #618, Lt. Harvey  and crew‘s #333 (322nd),  There were two abortives from this squadron due to mechanical failures.  Ship’s #333 (322nd) Lt. Lawson and crew; #806, Lt. Holliday and crew.

24 Feb. 1944:  This was the group’s 300th mission on enemy targets since our first bombing on November 7, 1942. Target for our group on this date was Hamburg , Germany .  Bombing was made on the Blohm Voss Factory, by “GH” with an excellent run.  Twelve ships of this squadron participated in this mission.  Lt. Williams and crew led the squadron in ship  #145 (324th), #618, Lt. Brown and crew; #217 (401st), Lt. Dickson and crew; #909, Lt. Cochran and crew; #263, Lt. Holliday and crew.  Lt. Borgstrom and crew in ship #939, aborted due to mechanical failure.  All crews returned safely to base.

25 Feb. 1945:  There was no operational mission for the group so ground school was carried out as per usual.

26 Feb. 1945:  A mission was carried out to Berlin , Germany on the railway station at Schlesischer in the eastern section of the city.  Bombing was by “GH” results unobserved.  Our squadron was “stood down”.

27 Feb, 1945:  The railway traffic center at Leipzig , Germany was attacked on this day which was our secondary bombed on “PFF” thru 10/10ths clouds, with unobserved results.  Major Taylor, squadron commander, led the group in ship #630 with the “A” crew; #806, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #471, Dep. Group Lead, Lt. Yavis and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #225, Lt. Dickson and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #909, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #618, Lt. Martinson and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #841, Lt. Hoffman and crew flying with the 398th group.  There were no abortives and all returned safely to base.

28 Feb. 1945:  Schwartz , Germany was another railway storage and siding marshalling yards bombed by our bombers on the ”GH”.  No results were observed.  Thirteen ships of this squadron participated as follows:  Squadron lead #478, Lt. Williams and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew, #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #806, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #618, Lt. Dean and crew; #225, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #636, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #615, Lt. Dickson and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

In summary for the month – this squadron sent 151 ships and crews on operational missions for the month – 8 of which aborted, making a total of 143 sorties.  The loss of one crew on the 20th was our only loss.  Ship #909 to date has 113 missions to her credit without a single abortive.

MARCH 1945:

1 March 1945:  Mission #304 for the group was made on Heilbrownn , Germany .  Bombing was made on “GH” methods, with good runs.  Crews reported that upon leaving the target, they could see fire and smoke coming from what they described as being the target.  This was a railway traffic center.  Twelve ships of this squadron participated in this raid as follows:  Lt. Partridge and crew, leading the squadron in ship #651 (324th); #363, Lt. Harvey and crew; #379, Lt. Thompson and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #324 (401st), Lt. Dickson and crew; #116, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #618, Lt. Cochran and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #841, Lt. Dean and crew; #225, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #263, Lt. Martinson and crew.  All returned safely and there were no abortives.

2 March 1945:  On the 2nd, the groups 305th mission was carried out on Chemnitz, and Jocketa , Germany .  The target assigned was Bohlen, lead and low squadrons bombed the marshalling yards at Chemnits.  The high bombed a bridge at Jocketa.  Bombing at Jocketa was excellent while the marshalling yards were bombed “PFF”.  The 323rd squadron was “stood down” in their turn, so did not participate in this mission.

3 March 1945:  The 306th mission was on Chemnitz , Germany .  Again the marshalling yards caught the effects of our bombings.  This was the secondary target.  The synthetic oil plant at Gropach was the target assigned.  Bombing was made with unobserved results by “PFF” methods.  The 323rd squadron led the group.  The group leading the division, Col. Sheeler and Lt. Partridge and crew, flew lead in ship #630; #636, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #471 (Dep. Division Lead) Lt. Yavis and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #578 (322nd), Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #431, Lt. Whitten and crew; #379, Lt. Dean and crew; #939, Lt. Scofield and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew;  #225, Lt. Martinson and crew.  All twelve 5ships and crews returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

4 March 1945:  For the fourth consecutive day and the groups 307th mission on Ulm-Reutlingen , Germany , Klockner Humboldt Factory was bombed by the lead squadron.  The low and high squadrons bombed the center of the city of Ulm .  Bombing was unobserved due to dropping on “PFF”.  Thirteen ships of this squadron completed the mission with the group as follows:  #145 (324th) Squadron Lead, Lt. Williams and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #225, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #431, Lt. Dean and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #939, Lt. Dickson and crew; #116, Lt. Martinson and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #806, Lt. Whitten and crew; and #841, Lt. Lawson and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

5 - 6 March 1945:  The next two days, there was no missions, which gave the crews some time to rest up for the next to come and, also, give the ground men time to repair ships damaged by flak and to get a little sleep as well.  Due to so much flying on operational missions, classes are continued each day even though there is a scarcity in attendance, which even prevails on stand down days, but not to such a great extent.

7 March 1945:  The 91st Bomb Group’s 308th mission was to Dortmund and Giessen, Germany .  The lead and high squadron attacked the coking plant at Dortmund ; and the low squadron attacked the RR workshops at Giessen – all with fair results.  Twelve ships of this squadron participated in this mission as follows;  #145 (324th) Lt. Partridge and crew; #806, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #540, Lt. Dockson and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #116, Lt. Dean and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #225, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #636, Lt. Martinson and crew.  All ships and crews returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

8 March 1945:  On the 309th mission to Huls , Germany , the Benzol plant was bombed by our aircraft.  Results were unobserved as bombing was done with GEE-Hequipment.  The 323rd squadron took their turn and were “stood down” for this mission.

9 March 1945:  The group’s 310th mission was Kassel , Germany .  The marshalling yards were bombed visually with excellent results.  Twelve A/C of this squadron participated in this mission as follows:  Major Taylor, Squadron Commander, with Capt. Partridge and crew, in ship #357 (401st) flew the group lead; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #225 (Dep. Group Lead) Lt. Hoffman and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #615, Lt. Dean and crew; #000, (322nd) Lt. Blanchet and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives. 

10 March 1945:  Sinsen , Germany was the 311th mission for the group.  The railway center at Sinsen was bombed GH methods with fair results.  Thirteen ships flew the high squadron as follows:  Squadron lead, #357 (401st), Lt. Williams and crew; #615, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #540, Lt. Martinson and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #225, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

11 March 1945:  No mission was scheduled for the 11th.  The squadrons carried out ground school and training activities with fair attendance.

12 March 1945:  Dillenburg , Germany   was the group’s 312th mission.  Bombing was made on wagon repair shops in M/Y’s 500 yards north of #1 MPI.  This was by the GEE-H method.  Fixes at bombs away indicate good results.  Twelve ships of this squadron flew the mission as follows:  Lt. Yavis and crew led the squadron in ship #476; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #841, Lt. Thompson and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #618, Lt. Dean and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #615, Lt. Lawson and crew; #806, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #225, Lt. Dickson and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

13 March 1945:  There was no mission scheduled for the 13th.  Ground school and training activities were carried out.

14 March 1945:  The completed mission to Vlotho and Osnabruck, Germany  was the group’s 313th.  The lead and low squadrons bombed the R.R. Bridge over the Weser River by the town of Vlotho .  The high squadron bombed the marshalling yards at Osnabruck .  These were with good results.  This was the 323rd’s “stand down” in turn so none of our crews took part.  Ground school schedules were carried out with fair attendance.

15 March 1945:  For the 314th mission, Oranienburg , Germany was attacked.  The marshalling yards there suffered the bombings of our aircraft although by “PFF”.  Results were from poor to excellent.  Twelve ships took part as follows:  #852 (322nd) Capt. Reid, Group Lead and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #263, Lt. Adams and crew; #630, Lt. Brown and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #806, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #225, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #615, Lt. Comstock and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #618, Lt. Templeton and crew; #909. Lt. Blanchet and crew.  All ships and crews returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

16 March 1945:  There was no mission scheduled for the 16th.  Ground school and training activities were carried out.

17 March 1945:  Bohlen , Germany was the group’s 315th mission.  The synthetic oil plant was bombed “PFF” unobserved results.  There was much crowding by other formations on the bomb run.  Thirteen A/C participated in this mission as follows:  Squadron lead, #471, Lt. Williams and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #806, Lt. Martinson and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #263, Lt. Cochran and crew; #909, Lt. Dickson and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #225, Lt. Comstock and crew; #964 (322nd), Lt. Templeton and crew; #431, Lt. Smiekel and crew.  All crews and ships returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

18 March 1945:  Again Berlin was attacked by our group.  Bombs were dropped on the Schlesischer and East Marshalling yards.  Results were unobserved.  Twelve ships of this squadron participated in the mission as follows:  #630, Squadron Lead, Lt. Yavis and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #806, Lt Dickson and crew; #116, Lt. Martinson and crew; #225, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #431, Lt. Thompson and crew; #909, Lt. Comstock and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #333 (322nd), Lt. Templeton and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

19 March 1945:  Plauen , Germany was the 317th mission for the group.  The synthetic oil plant at Bohlen was the assigned target.  Due to cloud cover, the group bombed the number 3 target which was Plauen by H2X methods with unobserved results.  The 323rd Squadron took their turn and were “stood down” for this mission.

20 March 1945:  There was no mission scheduled for the 20th.  Ground school and training activities were carried out with fair results.

21 March 1945:  On the 21st of March, the group completed their 318th mission by attacking Rheine-Salzbergen Airfield.  All three squadrons bombed visually with excellent results.  Major Taylor, Squadron Commander, led the group in ship #145 (324th) with the “A” crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #806, Lt. Martinson and crew; #777 (324th) (Dep. Gp. Lead), Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #639, Lt. Templeton and crew; #540, Lt .Borgstrom and crew; #225, Lt. Cochran and crew; #379, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #841, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #263, Lt. Thompson and crew; #431, Lt. Hunt and crew; #615, Lt. Dean and crew.  All twelve ships and crews returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

22 March 1945:  The German Military Camp at Dorsten , Germany   was attacked on this day visually with fair to good results.  Target was well hit but bomb pattern is well scattered.  Thirteen ships of this organization took part in the mission as follows;  Squadron Lead, #479, Lt. Yavis and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #806, Lt. Templeton and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #263, Lt. Dean and crew; #615, Lt. Martinson and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #431, Lt. Hunt and crew; #225, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #610 (401st), Lt. Smiekel and crew.  All thirteen returned safely and there were no abortives.

23 March 1945:  The marshalling yards at Coesfeld , Germany felt our bombing as the strike photographs show good to excellent results.  Of the twelve ships and crews that took part, all returned safely to base and, of course, there were no abortives.  The following participated:  #588 (324th) squadron lead, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #939, Lt. Whitten and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #841, Lt. Martinson and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #566 (324th) Lt. Dean and crew; #880 (324th) Lt. Brown and crew; #225, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #263, Lt. Hunt and crew.  This was the group’s 320th mission.

24 March 1945:  The 24th was an unusual day for this group but not for the first time for this group to complete two missions in the same day.  Early morning  the target was Vechta , Germany .  All three squadrons bombed the airfield visually with good results.  The three twenty-third took their turn at “stand down” so did not participate in this mission.  However, in the afternoon, the 323rd squadron flew the high squadron with Ridgewell and Nuthempstead, attacking the airdrome at Twente-Enscheden, Holland .  This squadron bombed visually with excellent results as per the strike photographs.  Thirteen ships and crews participated in this second mission for the day, all returning safely to base with no abortives.  #478, Lt. Williams and crew flew lead; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #615, Lt. Thompson and crew; #777(324th), Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #623 (324th), Lt. Harvey and crew; #220 (324th), Lt. Dean and crew; #379, Lt. Brown and crew; #431, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #618, Lt. Comstock and crew; #035 (401st), Lt. Lawson and crew; #116, Lt. Hunt and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #225, Lt. Marinson and crew.

25 – 27 March 1945:  For these three days, there was no flying, except for a few transition flights.  Practice missions were not made due to hazy conditions.  However, a training flight did take place on the 27th for some of the newer members of the group.  Aside from this, ground school and training activities were carried out with fair attendance, as per this squadron is concerned.  There were a few pre-flights made to break in some new engines.

28 March 1945:  The 323rd squadron took part in the group’s 323rd mission to bomb the aero engine factory at Spandau and the Stendal Marshalling yards.  The lead and low squadrons and six ship element of the high squadron bombed the No. 2 target by PFF methods with unobserved results.  The high squadron leader, with five of his ships and 2 from another squadron, bombed the No. 3 target (Stendal by PFF methods) with unobserved results.  Twelve ships of this squadron led the division as follows:  Major Thompson with an “A” crew in ship #471 leading the division; #116, Lt. Dean and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #630 (Dep. Division Lead), Lt. Scofield and crew; #038 (322nd), Lt. Constock and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #909, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #615, Lt. Lawson and crew; #263, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #225, Lt. Hunt and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

29 March 1945:  There was no mission scheduled for the group. Ground school and training activities were carried out.

30 March 1945:  Bremen , Germany was bombed visually.  Pin-pointing was made on the shipbuilding yards with good to excellent results.  Of the thirteen ships and crews of this squadron participating, all returned safely to base with aborts nil. #471, Lt. Williams and crew leading the squadron; #263, Lt. Dean and crew; #116, Lt. Thompson and crew;  #116, Lt. Thompson and crew; #225, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #636, Lt. Hunt and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #431, Lt. Martinson and crew; #276, Lt. Whitten and crew; #841, Lt. Lawson and crew; #306 (322nd), Lt. Smiekel and crew; #540, Lt. Comstock and crew; #591(322nd), Lt. Templeton and crew.

31 March 1945:  The group’s 325th mission for the total ending March, 1945.  The group bombed the railway station at Halle and Aschersleben , Germany .  Lead and high squadrons bombed Halle by PFF methods with unobserved results.  The low squadron, while on the bomb run, ran into a collision course with another formation; and was unable to drop their bombs.  5 A/C made a 360 and bombed Halle , the other 7 bombed A M/Y at Aschersleben visually with good results.  Our squadron’s twelve A/C furnished the low squadron as follows:  #630, Lt. Hoffman and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #276, Lt. Thompson and crew; #615, Lt. Scofield and crew; #618, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #205 (324th), Lt. Hunt and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #568 (324th), Lt. Blanchet and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #843 (401st), Lt. Dean and crew; #217 (401st), Lt. Smiekel and crew; #504 (401st), Lt. Holliday and crew.  All returned safely and there were no aborts.

SUMMING UP MARCH 1945:  The 323rd Bomb Squadron completed 185 sorties for the month of March, without an abortive.

Ship #909 holds the ETO record to date (April 12, 1945) of 132 completed missions without an abortive.  An article concerning this ship and its ground crew appeared in a March issue of “Yank”, and also the “Stars and Stripes”.  This article was submitted by the squadron’s executive officer, Major Edward J. Butler.

The squadron supplied 6 men in February and 3 men in March for the infantry quota.

Thus ends the month of March, 1945.

APRIL 1945: Prepared by Capt. Laurence E. Baird & Sgt. Dull

1 – 4 April 1945:  There were no operational missions on these days.  Ground school and training activities were carried out by this squadron.  On the 4th, our squadron took their turn and were “stood down” even though the group participated in a mission to Fassberg , Germany .

5 April 1945:  A mission to the ordnance depot at Grafenwohr , Germany with excellent results of our group’s bombing on the number one target.  The squadron participated by sending twelve aircraft and crews, all of which returned safely to base and without an abortive.  The following completed this mission:  Major Taylor and the “A” crew in ship #471, flying CBW lead; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #276, Lt. Dean and crew; #630 (Dep. CBW lead), Lt. Scofield and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #939, Lt. Cochran and crew; #841, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #263, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #909, Lt. Hunt and crew; and #615, Lt. Holliday and crew.

6 April 1945:  No operational mission on the 6th, ground school as scheduled.

7 April 1945:  Thirteen A/C of this squadron participated in a mission to the Airdromes at Kohlenbissen and Fassberg, Germany.  Very good results were obtained on this attack.  We had no abortives and all ships and crews returned safely to base.  Following are those participating in this mission:  #471, Lt. Williams and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #939, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #615, Lt. Shambaugh and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #263, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #225, Lt. Ward and crew; #841, Lt. Schilley and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #618, Lt. Templeton and crew; #276, Lt. Hunt and crew.

8 April 1945:  On the 8th, the locomotive repair shops at Stendal , Germany felt the effect of our bombing.  Even though attacked by “PFF”, methods, strike photographs show excellent results.  Twelve of our A/C took part in this mission.  They were:  #471, Lt. Yavis and crew; #276, Lt. Dickson and crew; #116, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #909, Lt. Scofield and crew; #615, Lt. Hunt and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #263, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #225, Lt. Ward and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #939, Lt. Dean and crew; #540, Lt. Templeton and crew; #841, Lt. Schilly and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

9 April 1945:  The group participated in a mission to Oberpfaffeniofen , Germany .  This squadron took their turn and was “stood down”.

10 April 1945:  An attack on the Ordinance Depot at Oranienburg , Germany , proved to be another very excellent pinpoint bombing mission by this group.  This squadron led the attack sending twelve A/C led by Major Thompson, C.O..  Also leading the group in ship #471, with the “A” crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #630 (Dep. Op. Lead), Lt. Skawienski and crew; #615, Lt. Templeton and crew; #225, Lt. Ward and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #263, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #841, Lt. Hunt and crew; #939, Lt. Dean and crew; #116, Lt. Schilley and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were not abortives.

11 April 1945:  On the 11th, an attack on the underground oil storage plant at Freiham , Germany was made with very excellent results.  This squadron participated by putting up 13 A/C although #116 aborted due to mechanical failure.  All returned safely to bases.  They were:  #792 (401st), Capt. Williams and crew; #843 (401st), Lt. Martinson and crew; #225, Lt. Ward and crew; #163, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #276, Lt. Dickson and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #615, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #618, Lt. Templeton and crew; #939, Lt. Dean and crew; #841, Lt. Schilley and crew; #116 (aborted), Lt. Hunt and crew; #638, Lt. Harvey and crew;

12 April 1945:  No operational mission scheduled.  Ground school as usual.

13 April 1945:  An attack on the railway center at Neumunster , Germany , was carried out with excellent results.  This squadron furnished 12 A/C for this attack as follows:  #471, Lt. Yavis and crew; #618, Lt. Martinson and crew; #615, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #263, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #840, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #225, Capt. Ward and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #276, Lt. Dickson and crew; #844 (324th), Lt. Schilley and crew; #841, Lt. Hunt and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

14 – 15 April 1945:  There were no operational missions on these two days.  The squadron took their “stand down” on the 15th while rest of the group attacked a target in the Rochefort area in France , with excellent results.

16 April 1945:  Our squadron led the group on the mission to Regensburg , Germany to strike a railway bridge. Excellent results were obtained.  Twelve A/C of this organization participated as follows:  Lt./Col. Taylor (Squadron Commander), also group lead in ship #471 with the “A” crew; #263, Lt. Dean and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #852 (322nd), (Dep. Group. Lead) Lt. Skawienski and crew; #841, Lt. Hunt and crew; #540, Lt. Schilley and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #615, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #737, Lt. Harvey and crew; #225, Capt. Ward and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew, #088 (322nd), Lt. Phagan and crew.  All returned safely and there were no abortives.

17 April 1945:  Dresden , Germany was our target on the railway center.  Strike photographs show good to excellent results.  13 A/C of this squadron participated as follows:  #471, Lt. Thompson and crew; #615, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #225, Capt. Ward and crew; #618, Lt. Dean and crew; #843 (401st) also aborted, Lt. Schilley and crew; #263, Lt. Skawienski and crew; #116, Lt. Hunt and crew; #035,(401st), Lt. Harvey and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #431, Lt. Holliday and crew; #841, Lt. Phagan and crew; #540, Lt. Templeton and crew.  All returned safely to base but #843 and crew aborted due to mechanical failure.

18 April 1945:  Bombing was done on the marshalling yards at Rosenheim , Germany with excellent results being obtained.  Twelve A/C of this squadron flew as follows:  #471, Lt. Yavis and crew; #615, Lt. Smiekel and crew; #153 (324th), Lt. P. Borgstrom and crew; #225, Capt. Ward and crew; #276, Lt. Dean and crew; #431, Lt. Templeton and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #772 (324th), Lt. Harvey and crew; #151 (324th), Lt. Dickson and crew; #841, Lt. Hunt and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew.  All returned safely to base and there were no abortives.

19 – 20 April 1945:  No mission was scheduled for the 19th.  The 20th, the group attacked Brandenburg , Germany .  Hits on the marshalling yards were good to excellent, even though by “PFF” methods, this squadron was “stood down”.

21 April 1945:  bombing was made on the Marshalling yards at Munich , Germany by H2X methods.  Results believed good.  12 A/C of this squadron participated:  #471 (Group Lead), Major Reid and crew; #116, Lt. Templeton and crew; #618, Lt. Whitten and crew; #630 (Dep. Gp. Ld), Lt. Blanchet and crew; #755 (322nd), Lt. Harvey and crew; #379 (aborted), Lt. Schilley and crew; #276, Lt. Dickson and crew; #088 (322nd), Lt. Dean and crew; #909, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #095 (322nd), Lt. Smiekel and crew; #225, Lt. Bloodworth and crew; #591 (322nd), Lt. Phagan and crew.  All returned safely to base.  #379 aborted due to mechanical failure.

22-24 April 1945:  No operational missions were scheduled for these days.

25 April 1945:  This mission was our last one for this theatre, although, it wasn’t known at that time.  This made the 340th mission for the group and for ship #909; 140 completed missions without an abortive, still holding the ETO record.  This last attack was made on an airfield at Pilsen , Germany .   Good results were obtained.  12 A/C of this squadron participated as follows:  #630, Lt. Thompson and crew; #225, Lt. Dean and crew; #116, Lt. Hunt and crew; #615, Capt. Ward and crew; #540, Lt. Borgstrom and crew; #963 (322nd), Lt. Schilley and crew; #276, Lt. Dickson and crew; #379, Lt. Martinson and crew; #636, Lt. Harvey and crew; #909, Lt. Blanchet and crew; #263, Lt. Templeton and crew; #841, Lt. Phagan and crew.  All returned safely and there were no abortives.

26-30 April 1945:  No operation missions were scheduled.  Ground school and training activities were carried out as scheduled.

TOTAL FOR APRIL:  this squadron flew 135 sorties with only three abortives due to mechanical failures.

Ship #909 has completed its tour in the ETO with 140 missions, but will still do its share in the revival missions.

THUS ENDS THE MONTH OF APRIL AND, ALSO, OUR BOMBINGS WITHIN EUROPE .

 

 

 

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