Dailies of the 322nd Squadron
Transcribed by Frank Farr
322nd Squadron Daily Reports
Capt. Wm. R, Thompson
14 April, 1942 91st Bombardment Group (H) was
organized at Harding Field Baton Rouge, Louisiana; Lt.
Edward R. Akert, Commanding, Lt. Frank S. Kamykowski,
Engineering, Lt. William M. Cornell Lt. William H.
Biggs, Chaplain and Lt. Ben T. Stogner.
13 May, 1942 - 91st Bomb Group. (H) moved to Mac Dill
15 May 1942 - 322nd Bombardment Squadron was
organized: Captain Victor B. Zienowicz, Commanding;
Lt. William F. Genheimer, Acting Commanding Officer.
25 May 1942 - Captain Victor B. Zienowicz reported
and assumed command of 322nd Bomb Sq. At that time
squadron had three heavy bombardment type airplanes,
B-17s; No. 41-2394 (Hangar Queen), No. 41-2577 and No.
22 June 1942 - 322nd Squadron departed MacDill Field,
4 July 1942 Personnel of 322nd Squadron reported
16th Wing phase of training.
1 August 1942 - Entire personnel of 322nd Squadron
there, with 2 and l/2 planes available, the squadron
put in 530 hours flying time.
16 August 1942 -322nd Squadron departed Pendleton
Air Base; returned same day to
23 August 1942 -322nd Squadron received orders to
pack for movement.
24 August 1942 Air echelon departed Walla Walla Air
Base, arrived Gowen Field, Boise, Idaho; ground
echelon departed Walla Walla Air Base by Train, Capt.
Theodore R. Parker, Commanding.
25 August 1942 - Ground echelon arrived in staging
30 August 1942 - Air Echelon departed Gowen Field,
322nd Squadron Dailies
Capt. William R. Thompson
1 Sept. 1942 - Air Echelon departed Selfridge Field,
Michigan; arrived Dow Field, Bangor, Maine; ground
echelon , under War Dept. orders, departed Fort Dix,
New Jersey and boarded S.S. Queen Mary to serve as
Gun crew aboard ship during passage to destination.
5 Sept. 1942 - Ground echelon departed
6 Sept. 1942 - Air echelon received delivery of nine
new B-17F airplanes: Nos. 41- 1942, 24453, 24439,
24481, 24482, 24483, 24479, 24499, 24512 and 24545.
11 Sept. 1942 - S.S. Queen Mary arrived Guroch, Firth
12 Sept. 1942 - Ground echelon disembarked S.S.
Queen Mary and entrained.
13 Sept. 1942 - Ground echelon arrived Kimbolton Air
29 Sept. 1942 - Air echelon departed Dow Field,
30 Sept. 1942 - Air echelon departed
1 Oct.1942 - Air echelon arrived at
2 Oct. 1942 - Air echelon departed
14 Oct. 1942 - Entire squadron departed Kimbolton
Air Field and arrived Bassingbourn Airfield,
322nd Bomb Squadron
August 6, 1942
Subject: Interference by illegal radio stations
To: Intelligence Officer, 91st Bomb Group, Walla
1. On August 4, 1942, reports from the radio
operators of this squadron to the Squadron
Communications Officer, Lt. Nelson, led him to suspect
the presence of illegal radio stations in the vicinity
of this Air Base. Upon questioning he became
convinced that some action must be taken by way of
investigating the reports.
2. Lt. Nelson immediately brought the matter to my
attention, and to the attention of the Base Signal
Officer, Lt. Guy, who informed him that the
authorities at the Pendleton Air Base had been
receiving signals from some radio station or stations
which they believed might be operating in an illegal
manner. Lt. Guy informed us that these signals had
been heard first during December, 1941, and at
irregular intervals since that time.
3.Upon receipt of this information I immediately
visited the Intelligence Officer at the Pendleton Air
Base in order to hear what if any steps had been taken
to locate the owners of such stations. He very kindly
showed me such information that he had collected on
the subject. From this I learned that the
Intelligence Section of the Pendleton Air Base had
been in communication with the G-2 of the Second Air
Force, the F.B.I., the F.C.C., and other agencies
which should have been interested in this situation.
It also developed that Major Dauncy (?), Adjutant of
the Walla Walla Air Base had assisted in the
investigations that had been carried on. From all of
this it appears that little real progress has been
made in locating these people, due chiefly to the
irregularity of their transmissions, and to the
reluctance of the civilian bureaus toward sending
their equipment out on a questionable case where it
would probably be tied up for weeks or even longer
without any assurance of finding these illegal station
4. The Intelligence Officer of Pendleton Air Base
requested that this squadron arrange to photograph
certain suspected areas in this vicinity. This has
been accomplished, and the report of that mission is
attached hereto, together with prints of the
5. This Squadron then arranged for a second
reconnaissance over this suspected area. Lt. Nelson,
who is an expert in this kind of work accompanied this
mission, and reported that it was impossible to
identify anything that looked like a probably radio
transmitting station from the air. However, he did
notice that the “T” shaped house mentioned in the
report of the photographic mission (hereto attached),
with the white roof, might be considered as suspicious
inasmuch as it did parallel the radio beam leading
into the Pendleton Air Port.
6. Upon further investigation yesterday, Lt. Nelson
and I further learned that at one time during the
month of March, 1942, this station transmitted
continuously for a period of about two hours. During
this period the transmitting station appeared to be
fulfilling the function of a radio guiding device,
and was distinctly heard transmitting over and over
the letters “WR” (?) and several times the letters
“?-5”. At this time Lt,. Guy made a determined
effort to locate the station with some equipment
which he had borrowed from civilian sources locally,
but was not successful in doing so.
7. During the past 36 hours Lt. Nelson and I have
interviewed individually all the radio operators of
this squadron. Of the 18 men so interviewed,
practically all of them stated that during the past
month they have heard signals which could have been
sent from another transmitting station. Many of them
stated that it was their opinion that at times (at
least) these signals seemed to be sent out with the
intention of “jamming” the stations of the 91st Bomb
Group. Several of these men also stated that they had
heard voice transmission on their assigned
wave-lengths, and wondered at the time who had been
given authority to transmit in voice on the
wave-lengths assigned to them.
8. We are attaching hereto brief statements as made
by several of the radio operators of this squadron.
These are self-explanatory.
9. All radio operators of this squadron have been
ordered to listen in at the wave- lengths on which
these strange signals have been heard at all times,
and to report to me all such information as they are
able to gather if they are heard again. Such reports
will be forwarded to your office as soon as reported.
10. After this had been accomplished I learned that
on July 3, a conversation between two stations
(presumable illegal) had been picked up at the
Pendleton Air Base. As the operators of these
stations agreed to meet each other in the town of
Pendleton some few hours after the conversation took
place, we may assume that these people are located and
operating at points within a radius of 50 to 75 miles
of this Air Base. A report of this conversation is on
file in the office of the Intelligence Officer,
Pendleton Air Base.
11. When this information had been collated, Lt.
Nelson applied to the base Signal Officer for any
equipment which he might use as direction-finding
devices, but was advised that no such equipment was
available. Lt. Nelson and I then decided to try to
manufacture some makeshift devices by which we will be
able to identify the directions from which these
signals are coming. We hope to have these
arrangements in operation within a day or two, and
when ready a continuous watch will be maintained in an
effort to secure further information concerning those
supposed illegal stations. Any information secured in
this manner will be forwarded to your office
immediately upon receipt.
12. Upon reviewing all the evidence we have been able
to collect, we have also found that the period during
which these illegal stations were most active
coincided with the period during which two other
conditions existed: five B-17 planes were lost in
this vicinity, and much of the submarine activity off
the Pacific Coast. This may be purely accidental.
13. For the protection of the airplanes of this
squadron, the following orders have been given to all
a. That they are not to transmit to any radio
station until that station has authenticated codes set up by the Second Air
Force Headquarters at Spokane.
b. That no pilot shall under any conditions fly any radio beam
under actual “instrument conditions”, but will rely upon his other
instruments, and at all times shall be extremely careful when flying in this part of the states of Oregon and Washington.
We are of the opinion that these measures should tend to negate any
possible harmful intentions, if the above referred-to radio stations are actually
being operated by enemy aliens.
For the Squadron Commander
Theodore R. Parker
S-2 322 Bomb Squadron
322 Bomb Squadron
August 7, 1942
Special Photographic Mission, August 6, 1942.
1. Upon receipt of certain information concerning
radio interference, received from the Base
Signal Officer, Pendleton Air Force Base, and
reported by Lt. Nelson, Squadron
Communications Officer, a special photographic
mission was dispatched to photograph the
area from which the interference was supposed to
2. Base signal unit furnished information that
additional pictures of the vicinity of Holdman be
taken, and the base photographic unit furnished
the detail and equipment.
3. Pilots were instructed to fly up the valley in
which this town is located, to reappear from
another direction not sooner than thirty minutes
later, and to fly across the town again about
45 minutes thereafter. This was intended to
4. The photographers were instructed to take a
complete “photo-strip” of the vicinity of the town
during each flight.
5. The pilots were instructed to hold a straight and
level course during each flight at an indicated
altitude of 8000 feet, or somewhat lower if overcast or
clouds might interfere with the object of taking
6. All members of the combat crew were instructed to
make minute observations of everything in and about
the town during the three runs over the town and
7. The photographic unit was ordered to complete
processing of their pictures as soon as possible, and
return three prints of each to this headquarters as
soon as finished.
8. All members of the flight were ordered to report
individually to this headquarters for interrogation
upon completion of the flight.
9. All members of the flight were ordered to maintain
strict silence and secrecy concerning the nature of
10. Maps, photos, and other available information were
given to the pilots and photographers just before the
mission took off.
Theodore R. Parker, Capt.
August 7, 1942
Special Photographic Mission, August 6, 1942
Interrogation Notes (condensed):.
1. The mission took off at 0925, and flew directly
over the town of Holdman as ordered, taking its first
photo-strip during this run.
2. They then flew to the north-east and returned
thirty-five minutes later and took a second
Photo-strip coming in from that direction.
3. They then flew in from a westwardly direction fifty
minutes later and took their third photo-strip.
4. During these three flights, the following was
a. The town appeared to be practically deserted, very
little signs of activity were observed.
b. Three or four people were observed, apparently
standing and looking up at the plane during its third
flight over the town.
c. The navigator and one member of the combat crew
thought they saw what might have been an antenna
stretched along the roof of one of the houses.
d. All remarked upon a peculiarly shaped house, built
in the shape of a “T”. The roof of this house was
painted a new white, whereas, most of the other roofs
in the town were either unpainted or red in color.
e. Upon investigating the long wing of this
white-roofed house was found to point directly
parallel to the beam of the Pendleton Airport.
f. A very small landing field, or a place where very
light planes could land, was observed just to the east
of the center of the town.
5. As a result of this information, another
photographic mission will be dispatched to
re-photograph the valley at a much lower altitude
within a few days. Also, it is our intention to make
a visual reconnaissance of this place at a very low
altitude during the next 24 hours, making use of one
of the LO5 planes now here.
Theodore R. Parker, Capt.
Daily Reports, November, 1942
Ed. Note: Occasionally a word or words or a line or
lines are illegible as taken off the Microfilm. Where
I am able to interpolate intelligently, I try to fill
in that material. Where I am in doubt you may see a
question mark (?). If entire passages are missing, I
will simply say “___lines unintelligible.” Mostly I
think the sense of the material will come through in
good shape. – Frank F.
7 Nov. 1942 Squadron went on its first
,,,(?)…mission. Target was the docks …(?)…at
Lt. Hampy (?)
Sgt. Tamsett (?)
Sgt. Hudjera (?)
Sgt. Pieph (?)
Sgt. Perry (323rd) (Steve Perri)
Sgt. Graddy and Sgt. Hansbury received credit for
shooting down a FW 190.
Ships 4481, 4453 and 4483 turned back due to gun
9 Nov. 1942 Squadron left on second mission. Target
was locks at
The following ships took part:
Lt. Moss (323)
Lt. Cochran, Lt. Bowcock, Sgt. Burnett and Sgt.
Richardson were wounded, also Lt. Bryant.
14 Nov. 1942
installations. Bomb loading 2 x 2000#. Take off
1045, landed at Davidson 1630.
Ship 4499 – Capt. Gillespie
Ship 4512 – Lt. Wallick
Ship 4479 – Lt. McCormick
Ship 4453 – Lt. Hardin
Height – 19,000 ft.
Weather clear over target.
Target attacked successfully.
Nov. 1942 – Target for this mission was St.
Nazaire. Group furnished 20 A/C of which 6 were
abortive. The squadron started 3 A/C of which two
went over the target –
#4545, 1st Lt. Beasley and #4481, 1st Lt. Baird.
Target was bombed successfully, each ship attacking at
20,000 ft. with bomb load of 10 x 500 HE. After
leaving target, 20 – 30 E/A fighters attacked of which
5 were destroyed, 2 possibles and eight damaged.
S/Sgt Ehrhardt of 545, tail gunner, was credited with
one FW 190 destroyed. Both ships returned, no
18 Nov. 1942 – Target was submarine pens at La
Altitude 18000 feet, group took off 17 A/C of which
11 were abortive. Squadron furnished 6 ships of which
4 attacked target at 1255 hours. Group was led by
Major Victor S. Zienowicz. Several enemy A/A
batteries were destroyed and target was hit. No E/A
attacked. Squadron ships over target were 4499 Major
Zienowicz – 4453, 1st Lt. John T. Hardin – 4479 1st
Lt. Thomas B. McCormick – 4512, 1st Lt. Bruce D.
Barton. On return, just over English coast, Major
Zienowicz and Lt. Hardin collided in mid-air in cloud,
Lt. Hardin made forced Landing at Vocvii (??) Maj.
Zienowicz landed at Turweston. The later ship was
salvaged. Other ships returned to base. No
22 Nov. 1942 – Group assigned 18 ships to attack
P. D. Brown of 323rd. Bomb load was 2 x 2000 lb. B
M5s (?) and altitude was 19,000 ft. 322nd sent 4 A/C,
4482, Major Zienowisz 4512, Captain Kenneth K. Wallick
(?) – 4?81 ast Lt. James D. Baird and 4439, 1st Lt.
Bruce Barton. Owing to 10/10 cloud cover, target was
not attacked. Maj. Zienowicz and Captain Wallick
returned to base, Lt’s Baird and Barton landed at
Westcott. All safe, no casualties.
23 Nov. – Of ten ships assigned by group to attack
target at 19000 ft. under command of Major Harold C.
Smelzer of 324th. Two of three from squadron got over target.
4479, Major Zienowicz – 4512, Captain Kenneth K.
Wallick. Due to cloud conditions, the target was not
attacked. At a point 55 miles inside
McCarty and Major Zienowicz were at some distance from
the other four ships, Major Smelzer, Capt. Wallick and
Lts. Cliburn 324 and Corman 324. Lt. McCarty returned
from that point to base.
No further report has been received of Major
Zienowicz and he and his crew reported missing in
action. The other four, some ten miles off the target
were attacked by from 20-40 E/A and turned out to sea.
In a running fight, an undetermined number of E/A
were shot down and several casualties in our A/C
were suffered. Captain Wallick safely landed his ship
at Chivenor, with his tail gunner S/Sgt. John J.
Hudjera suffering a fracture of his leg. Lt. Corman
crash landed at Watford, England, five of his crew
were killed. Major Smelzer was last seen at a point
20 miles west of
Following is a list of the crew 4479:
Pilot – Major Victor S. Zienowicz, copilot Captain
Thomas B. McCormick, Navigator Capt. Herbert W. Hampy,
Navig. 2nd Lt. Ralph L. Clinton, Bomb. 2nd Lt. Ross
E. Frazier, Gun Lt. Arthur S. Applebaum, Eng T/S
Doyce F. Hamrick, A.E Ssgt. Joseph G. Janor, Rad T/S
Geo.A. Anderson, A/R S/S Wordon J.
Ryder, Tail Gunner S/S William C. Grady
24 Nov. 1942 – Capt. Paul L. Fishburne reported and
assumed charge of 322nd as acting Squadron Commander.
25 Nov. 1942 – The report of Capt. Wallick and his
crew of the fight of the Nov. 23 raid was received and
that ship is credited with the destruction of four FW
190’s, enemy aircraft and one damaged. Following are
the members credited with E/A.
S/Sgt. John J. Hudjera T.G. destroyed FW 190.
S/Sgt. Jarvis E. Hall T.T.G. destroyed FW 190.
Sgt. Frank S. Tamsett W.G. destroyed FW 190.
S/Sgt. Daniel (NMI) Goldstein R.G. destroyed FW
Sgt. Delbert G. Steffens W.G. FW190 damaged.
This flight occurred from San Jachim (?)
establishes record for E/A losses to a single crew in
Ed. Note: Occasionally a word or words or a line or
lines are illegible as taken off the
Microfilm. Where I am able to interpolate
intelligently, I try to fill in that material. Where
I am in doubt you may see a question mark (?). If
entire passages are missing, I will simply say
“___lines unintelligible.” Mostly I think the sense
of the material will come through in good shape. –
6 Dec. 19, 1942 - The target for today was the
locomotive carriage works at Lille, France. The bomb
load was 10 x 500 G.P. bombs, the take off at 1020,
over target at 1210 and landing at 1329 hours. The
group sent 22 A/C of which 18 went over
target. 322nd Squadron had 4 of these - 453, Lt. John
T. Hardin, 481, Capt. Paul L. Fishburne, 483, Lt.
Ralph A. Felton and 545, Lt. Wm. D. Easley. Fighters,
FW 190s were engaged 10 miles west of target on way
in, S/Sgt. Bradin C.
destruction of one of them. The group got five
destroyed and two damaged as their bag for the day.
The weather over target was good and bomb results were
fair. There were quite a few short. All of our ships
as well as all of the group returned safely. No
casualties in squadron.
12 Dec., 1942 - Target was Romilly-sur-Seine air
depot, last resort was Rouens marshalling yards.
Nineteen A/C took off 1020, rendezvous at Beachyhead
at 1125 hours, with 303, 305 and 306 groups. Seventy
eight planes attacked Rouens marshalling yards.
Results were poor. Two B17’s were lost to E/A, B17’s
destroyed 19, probable 10, damaged two. Six of 91st
attacked target--two from 322nd, Capt. Paul L.
Fishburne in 545 and Capt. Robert B. Campbell in 483.
91st Group was credited with 3 E/A destroyed and one
probable. All ships returned, no casualties in
squadron. Formations was poor.
13 Dec. 1942 - The following members of the squadron
received the award of the Purple Heart on Dec. 7,
Lt. Robert H. Bowcock
Lt. Norman Bryant
Lt. Linden W. Cochran
S/Sgt. Carson L. Richardson
S/Sgt. Andrew N. Burnet
20 Dec. 1942 - Target for 1st Wing Groups, 306, 91st,
303rd, 305th was the airport at Romilly-sur-Seine, 80
miles, south east of
with 10 x 500 bombs, of which 322nd had four, Capt.
Kenneth K. Wallick 512, Lt. Bruce D. Barton, 439, Lt.
James D. Baird 483 and Lt. Don C. Bader, 545. Take
off was at 1005 hours and return was 1433. Fighters
were encountered 30 miles from coast and E/A attacked
from there to target and back to coast. Group lost
two A/C, Lt’s English and Corson of 401st near
Both were at end of formation and were lost to E/A.
Capt. Wallick had his #3 engine hit, put on fire and
was forced to leave flight on account of reduced
speed. He was followed and covered by Lts. Baird and
Barton. Barton’s ship was hit several times - he
crash landed 30 miles southeast of
squadron A/C returned safely, Capt. Wallick losing his
#3 propeller and cowl on landing at base. Lt. Paul C.
Burnett and Pvt. Forrest E. Wise were injured, not
seriously. The group got 19 E/A destroyed, 3 probably
destroyed, and one damaged. Following are the ships
bagged by squadron gunners:
Capt. Kenneth K. Wallicks crew #512 - Lt. John G.
Hawkins, bombardier, destroyed FW190 - Sgt. Delbert
Steffens, tail gunner, destroyed FW190 - T/Sgt. Harvis
E. Hall, top turret, destroyed FW190 - Sgt. Vito
Pugliese, waist gunner, destroyed FW190 - T/Sgt.
Daniel Goldstein, radio gunner, destroyed FW190.
Lt. James D. Baird’s crew #482 - T/Sgt. Henry E.
Mika, ball gunner, probable FW190 - S/Sgt. Martin A.
Bucholz, tail gunner, destroyed FW190.
Lt. Don C. Bader’s crew #545 - Sgt. Walter C.
Bedzisz, ball gunner, destroyed FW190 - T/Sgt. Ernest
L. Pieples, waist gunner, destroyed FW190.
Lt. Bruce D. Barton’s crew - Lt. Stephen H. Lindley,
bombardier, destroyed FW190 - S/Sgt. John H. Mitchell,
waist gunner, destroyed FW190 - T/Sgt. R. L. Hare, top
gunner, destroyed 2 FW190 - Sgt. Lester B. Snook,
waist gunner, destroyed FW190 - S/Sgt. Myron (?) C.
Sasen (?), ball gunner, destroyed FW190.
Score for entire USAAF raid: Lost (?) B17E’s,
destroyed 50 FW 190’s, of these 91st Group got 25 (?)
FW190s and 322nd Squadron got 14 FW190s and one
30 Dec. 1942 - Target for today was
An effort was to be made to knock out the submarine
pens. 1st Wing sent four groups - 91st, 303rd, 305th,
The latter turned back. The 91st dispatched 19
ships of which 17 attacked the target with 2 x 2000
G.P. bombs. The 322nd sent three ships - #481, Capt.
Campbell, #453, Lt. Hardin, 482, Lt. Bader. All of
squadron returned safely without casualties. The
group lost Lt. Bloodgood and his crew, shot down by
officers when Maj. Edw. Pl Myers, commander of 401st
Squadron, flying in #077 with Capt. Oscar O’Neil was
hit by 20 mm shell and died from loss of blood. Capt.
Joseph Jurovich of 323rd Squadron flying #523 was very
badly wounded and his ship was brought back by Lt.
Shaw, his co-pilot, and, himself, had been hit and his
left arm broken. The group bagged 20 E/A destroyed
and 3 probables. Of these the squadron got one
destroyed and one probable: #482-S/Sgt. Thos. J.
Hansbury-T.G. one FW190 probable - #481-2nd Lt. James
R. Bullock-Nav., one ME109 destroyed. The bombing
results were good.
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